Jurassic Camp
Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom was released on June 22 and has grossed over $1 billion at the global box office since. 

Considering it will likely be the biggest movie of the year, the campers were given a research project based on the famous movie series.

Each group of campers selected one dinosaur that made an appearance in any one of the five entries in the series and did their best to teach people about their animal.

Here are some of the best projects put together by the campers!
VELOCIRAPTORS

Velociraptors were a very well-known species of dinosaurs. They were a part of a specific group called dromaeosaurids. This group is about dinosaurs that were related to birds. Velociraptors were known as the "speedy thief" in Latin. Velociraptors usually hunt in packs since they can only reach their highest speed in a matter of seconds. They then stop since it is a short burst of speed. Their speed is 40 mph or 60 kph. They lived in the late Cretaceous period which lasted about 79 million years.                  

Velociraptors weighed about 15 to 33 pounds. They also had a very sharp claw on each of their foot’s second toe and it is retractable. It is 9 cm long. This helped them become successful in the hunting process. They were also related to birds because of their feathers surrounding their arms and parts of the body. They grew up to 6.8 feet long and 1.6 feet tall. 

Their skull, for a dinosaur, is also very large in size (9.1 inches). Their snout also makes up 60% of their skull size. Their teeth had to be sharp since they are carnivores they have 13 to 15 teeth in the upper jaw, which is about as much as a human! In their lower jaw, they have 14 to 15 teeth in the lower jaw. This helps them be successful in hunting and get the food they need. They also regulate their temperature so if it’s cold, they can make themselves warm again and vice versa.       

So far, you might think that Velociraptors are horrible… well, they are vicious and they can run very fast. So, you can call them that. But, if you have ever watched Jurassic Park or Jurassic World, they actually use a different dinosaur called Deinonychus. The one we are talking about is an actual Velociraptor. They also lived in Mongolia, China. So, Velociraptors are great hunters and superbly smart but they are super callous! I hope you learned something!!!

BRACHIOSAURUS

The Brachiosaurus was one of the biggest land dinosaurs ever. It was also the first dinosaur to be seen in full in Jurassic Park!

Here are some interesting facts about the brachiosaurs.

- The brachiosaurus called North America its home
- A Brachiosaurus is an herbivore
- A Brachiosaurus could eat between 200 and 400 kilograms every day
- A Brachiosaurus holds all of its weight by walking on four legs
- A Brachiosaurus weighs between 30 and 45 metric tons
- They were believed to be about 26 meters long 
- Lived 156-150 million years ago
- Its front two legs were longer than the legs in the back
- Name means "arm lizard"
- It was discovered in 1903
- In Jurassic Park and Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, the Brachiosaurus was able to go up on its hind legs, but scientists don't think that was possible


TYRANNOSAURUS REX

The tyrannosaurus rex is probably the most famous dinosaur ever discovered. It has made an appearance in all five of the Jurassic Park movies.

Here are some cool facts about the T. Rex!

- It weighed between 13 and 32 thousand pounds
- It could move up to 17 mph. Usain Bolt could run faster!
- It stood between 15 and 20 feet tall
- Tyrannosaurs were meat eaters
- They have a thick and heavy skull
- Tyrannosaurs have the strongest bite force of any animal and had a bite force of over 8,000 pounds
- It inhabited open forests that had nearby rivers and also coastal forests
- It usually ate triceratops, edmontosaurus, santanaraptor, corythosaurus 
- A T. Rex could bite off 500 pounds in one bite! Maybe it ate a few hundred pounds of triceratops   
- The first fossil was found in 1902 by Barnum Brown
- There haven't been a lot of fossils found but most have been found in North America
- The predator had two-fingered hands along with small but strong arms


MOSASAURUS

The Mosasaurs was an aquatic carnivore that ate turtles, shellfish, and mollusks and had snake-like skin. They were powerful swimmers with four short paddle-like limbs. Also, they have powerful jaws with sharp teeth. 

This type of specimen was found in a chalk quarry in Maastricht, Holland. It was found by a German Army surgeon, Johann Hoffman, who collected fossils for the Haarlem Museum. The museum was founded in 1822. 

The mosasaurs were well-adapted to living in a warm environment. They lived in shallow inland seas, and they gave birth to live young, rather than returning to shore to lay eggs. 

The Mosasaurs can have a mass of 30,000 lbs and can grow to as large as 50 feet. The creature lived between 61.7 to 145 million years ago. 

There were many fossils of them found in South Carolina, South Dakota, and Alabama. The ancient sea stretched from the Gulf of Mexico and through the middle of the modern-day states of the USA.

PTERODACTYLS

A Pterodactyl is a pterosaur of the late Jurassic period. It has a long slender head and neck and a very short tail. 

Pterodactyls are an extinct flying reptile genus of pterosaurs. Pterodactyls ate meat because they were carnivores and scavengers and also ate fish. Pterodactyls had great eyesight, which was good for finding food. 

Pterodactyls lived in places like Europe, Australia, North America and Africa. They lived in America, parts of Asia England, Germany, France, Tanzania and many other places.

Pterodactyls lived between 201.3 million and 66 million years ago. They first arrived in the Triassic Period and last died in the Cretaceous Period. Their name comes from a Greek word meaning "winged finger."

SPINOSAURUS

The Spinosaurus has made one appearance in the five Jurassic Park movies and that was in Jurassic Park III. 

It was such a big and powerful dinosaur it fought a T. Rex and won!

Here are some fun facts about the Spinosaurus!

- They ate fish and meat
- They lived between 97 and 112 million years ago
- Great swimmers with webbed feet
- Their name means “spine lizard”
- They are they are the biggest carnivorous dinosaur ever discovered to date
- Long crocodile-like mouth with cone-like teeth
- First fossils were found in Egypt
- There haven't been many fossils found because Egypt and Africa are hard places to dig up fossils. Scientists think there may be more buries in the Sahara Desert
- About 18 feet tall and can be up to 50 feet long
- Has a very big sail on its back, which could have been used for thermoregulation
- Scientists think the Spinosaurus sometimes walked on all fours and walked on two legs the rest of the time

TRICERATOPS
The triceratops lives in Western Canada and the U.S. It lived 68 million years ago in the late Cretaceous period. Its name means "three-horned face." It weighed 12 tons, which is the size of two male elephants, and it was 30 feet long while it’s skull measured 7 feet long. 

Its weight was close to that of a diesel truck. It is an herbivore that ate ferns and shrubbery with a mouth that was like a beak. It also had up to 800 teeth that kept replenishing. The triceratops was first discovered near Denver, Colorado in 1887. The Triceratops’ most common enemy is the Tyrannosaurus Rex, but its horns were very helpful in trying to scare off its enemies.

When they are young, they stay in the nest and their parents feed them until they were old enough to leave the nest and travel with their parents. Scientists had two theories that the triceratops used its horns for combat and display.

Scientists think the horns grew and got straighter as it got older. 
PARASAUROLOPHUS
Do you know the dinosaur Parasaurolophus? Probably not, but we will explain it to you. This dinosaur is an herbivore. If you don’t know what a herbivore is, it’s an animal that only eats plants. Another name people call this dinosaur is, “the near crested lizard." The Parasaurolophus lived in North America and has been found in Alberta and Utah. This dinosaur lived 73 million years ago in the late Cretaceous period. 

Fun facts

- The Parasaurolophus can run on it’s two hind legs
- It could either walk on two legs or all fours
- The Parasaurolophus might have used its head crest for thermoregulation and to tell the difference between boys and girls
- The crest on the dinosaur's head could grow up to six feet
- This dinosaur weighed 3.5 tons (about as much as a full-size van), they were also about 30 feet in length
- The Parasaurolophus ran up to 25 mph
- Scientists think this animal traveled in herds
STEGOSAURUS
You might be asking yourself, what is a Stegosaurus? Well, a stegosaurus is a type of dinosaur that walks on four legs rather than two. One main thing that makes this dinosaur unique from the other dinosaur is their back. A Stegosaurus has 17 plates found only on their back. 

The Stegosaurus’ plates rise from their skin rather than being attached to the skeleton. The Stegosaurus also featured tail spikes that reached around 60 cm (2ft) tall and 60 cm (2ft) wide. The largest plates were around 60cm (2ft) tall. 

Along with the T-Rex and the Iguanodon, the stegosaurus was one of the three dinosaurs that inspired the appearance of Godzilla.

How did Stegosaurus go extinct?
They became extinct due to gradual changing in the weather/climate.

What did the Stegosaurus eat?
They ate a diet of plants, which means they were herbivores.

What time period did they live in?
They lived between 150 and 155 million years ago in the late Jurassic period. They also lived primarily in western North America.

What size was the Stegosaurus?
They were about 26-30 feet long and they weighed about 6,800 pounds. They had a brain the size of a walnut.

How did they defend themselves?
Their bony plates make them look bigger than they really are which scared their predators (meat eaters) away. They also had sharp spikes on their tails. These helped fight off Allosaurs and Ceratosaurs.